Common Land Measurement Units in India: An Ultimate GuidePosted on December 22, 2020
We use different types of Indian land measurement units each day in India.
The main words of the most used land measuring units are as follows. These are usually called the hectare, acre, square metre, and square yard.
In the Southern parts of India such as Kerala, we use terms like Cent, Ground, and Plots. Such units can be different in other areas of the country.
Yet the first two names are quite different from each other. Unit cent is the name for a part of the land. Whereas, the ground is any part of the land that measures approximately two thousand four hundred square metres.
Usually, land documents have units such as the square feet and ground. Only if you know about these units can you learn how to measure the area of land. Also read about Kerala land registration.
Firstly these are also used in land measurement table sets. Even other projects may use the same land measurement units in India. Let us learn firstly about the measuring units in Southern India.
Land Measuring Unit Data in Southern India
This is the common method of measuring the land in Southern India.
|Units||State that uses it||Conversion|
|One Cent||State of Kerala||435.6 square feet|
|One Kuncham||Andhra Pradesh||484 square yard
One Kuncham equals ten cents
|One Guntha||Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka||1089 square feet|
|One Cent||Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka||435.6 square feet|
|One Ground||Parts of Tamil Nadu||2400 square feet|
|One Ankanam||Parts of Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka||72 square feet
One Acre equals 605 Ankanams
The area which is covered by one square identifies as the sq metre. Usually, the side of this square measures one metre. Here one square metre equals ten-point seventy-six square feet. Then one acre of land equals four thousand and forty-seven square metre.
You must have noticed that in India a private plot land area measurement is denoted by the unit square feet. And the agricultural land is specified by unit acre.
You should also already know that the unit hectare denotes land for agricultural land measurement units such as plots, agriculture work, and plans.
Here do you realize that one hectare equals ten thousand square metres? Let us learn the basic measuring units used in land related documents now. Alos check out the property documents required for home loan.
|Unit of Area||Conversion Unit|
|1 Square Feet (sq ft)||144 sq in one feet is twelve inches|
|1 Square Centimeters||0.00107639 square feet|
|1 Square Inch||0.0069444 square feet|
|1 Square Kilometer (sq km)||247.1 acres|
|1 Square Meter (sq m)||10.76391042 square feet|
|1 Square Mile||640 acres or 259 hectares|
|1 Square Yard (sq yd)||9 square feet|
|1 Acre||4840 sq yd or 100.04 cents – authorized unit for measuring land|
|1 Hectare||10000 sq m or 2.49 acres approximate|
Let us learn about the measuring units in the land documents used in Northern India.
Land Measuring Unit Data in Northern India
|Units||States that use it||Conversion|
|1 Killa||Areas in Haryana & Punjab||4840 sq yd
One Acre is also called as Killa
|1 Biswansi||Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand||1/20 Biswa. 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis|
|1 Kanal||Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh alongside Jammu & Kashmir||5445 sq ft. 8 Kanals is One Acre|
|Bigha – Kachha (Kachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha.)||Few areas in Punjab, Haryana & Uttar Pradesh,||1008.33 sq yd|
|1 Biswa||Some parts of Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand||48.4 square yard|
|1 Ghumaon||Few areas in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana & Punjab||4840 square yard|
|1 Biswa – Pucca||Upper areas in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, & Haryana||151.25 square yard|
|1 Bigha- Pucca||Bihar and parts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab & Haryana||3025 square yard
One Pucca – Bigha equals 165 feet
|1 Bigha||Parts of Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand||968 square yard|
|1 Biswa (Kaccha) (1/20 of Bigha Kaccha)||Lower parts of Punjab, Haryana & UP||50.417 square yard|
Remember that in Maharashtra the public will say ‘Guntha’ as a unit, too. Let us learn about the measuring units in the land documents used in Eastern India.
Land Measuring Unit Data in Eastern India
|Unit||States that use it||Conversion|
|1 Chatak||West Bengal||180 square feet|
|1 Decimal||West Bengal||48.4 square yard
One Acre equals 100 decimals
|1 Dhur||Bihar and Jharkhand||68.0625 square feet|
|1 Dhur||Tripura||3.6 square feet|
|1 Kattha||Assam||2880 square feet
One Bigha in Assam has 5 Katthas
|1 Kattha||Bengal||720 square feet
One Bigha in Bengal has 20 Katthas
|1 Kattha||Bihar||1361.25 square feet
One Bigha in Bihar has 20 Katthas
Let us remind you that Dhur and Kattha mean different sizes, connected to those States. But, in the State of Bihar, Dhur measures greater than sixty-eight square feet. While in the State of Tripura the unit measures only three-point six square feet. Similarly, the State of Jharkhand uses this unit Dhur mostly.
Katha is another valuable unit used highly in the State Assam, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh.
Additionally, people in particular areas in the State of Bihar use this unit.
Even though the unit is different in each State the unit equals the numbers from six hundred to two thousand eight hundred square feet. Also read the economic factors affecting housing market
Let us finally learn about the measuring units in the land documents used in Western India.
Land Measuring Unit Data in Western India
|Unit||States that use it||Conversion|
|1 Biswansi||Rajasthan||1/20 Biswa
One Biswa has 20 Biswansis
|1 Biswa||Lower parts of Rajasthan||96.8 square yard|
|1 Biswa||Upper parts of Rajasthan||Pucca 151.25 square yard|
|1 Bigha||Bihar and parts of Rajasthan||Pucca 3025 square yard|
|1 Bigha||Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan||1936 square yard|
This post is to help you gain knowledge about the unit of land measurement. Now you know about the different types of units used for land measurement in India.
Hoping you will use the land measurement chart above to get better results in land-related jobs or projects. It is easy for you to learn how to measure land in India. You can also read about the things to check before you buy a property in Kerala.
If you have further doubts about any measurement units of land used in India kindly give your comments. We will update the data accordingly about the units of land measurement in India.