Common Land Measurement Units in India | Complete Guide
22 Dec-2020

Common Land Measurement Units in India: An Ultimate Guide

Posted on December 22, 2020 Common Land Measurement Units in India
by pvs_admin
Kerala Property

We use different types of Indian land measurement units each day in India.

The main words of the most used land measuring units are as follows. These are usually called the hectare, acre, square metre, and square yard.

In the Southern parts of India such as Kerala, we use terms like Cent, Ground, and Plots. Such units can be different in other areas of the country.

Yet the first two names are quite different from each other. Unit cent is the name for a part of the land. Whereas, the ground is any part of the land that measures approximately two thousand four hundred square metres.

Usually, land documents have units such as the square feet and ground. Only if you know about these units can you learn how to measure the area of land. Also read about Kerala land registration.

Firstly these are also used in land measurement table sets. Even other projects may use the same land measurement units in India. Let us learn firstly about the measuring units in Southern India.

Land Measuring Unit Data in Southern India

Land Measuring Unit Data in Southern India

This is the common method of measuring the land in Southern India.

Units State that uses it Conversion 
One Cent State of Kerala 435.6 square feet
One Kuncham  Andhra Pradesh  484 square yard 

One Kuncham equals ten cents 

One Guntha  Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka    1089 square feet
One Cent  Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka  435.6 square feet
One Ground  Parts of Tamil Nadu  2400 square feet
One Ankanam  Parts of Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka  72 square feet

One Acre equals 605 Ankanams 

The area which is covered by one square identifies as the sq metre. Usually, the side of this square measures one metre. Here one square metre equals ten-point seventy-six square feet. Then one acre of land equals four thousand and forty-seven square metre.

You must have noticed that in India a private plot land area measurement is denoted by the unit square feet. And the agricultural land is specified by unit acre.

You should also already know that the unit hectare denotes land for agricultural land measurement units such as plots, agriculture work, and plans.

Here do you realize that one hectare equals ten thousand square metres? Let us learn the basic measuring units used in land related documents now. Alos check out the property documents required for home loan.

Unit of Area Conversion Unit 
1 Square Feet (sq ft) 144 sq in one feet is twelve inches
1 Square Centimeters 0.00107639 square feet
1 Square Inch 0.0069444 square feet
1 Square Kilometer (sq km) 247.1 acres
1 Square Meter (sq m) 10.76391042 square feet
1 Square Mile 640 acres or 259 hectares 
1 Square Yard (sq yd) 9 square feet
1 Acre 4840 sq yd or 100.04 cents – authorized unit for measuring land
1 Hectare 10000 sq m or 2.49 acres approximate

Let us learn about the measuring units in the land documents used in Northern India.

 Land Measuring Unit Data in Northern India

Units States that use it  Conversion 
1 Killa Areas in  Haryana & Punjab 4840 sq yd 

One Acre is also called as Killa 

1 Biswansi Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand 1/20 Biswa. 1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis 
1 Kanal  Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh alongside Jammu & Kashmir  5445 sq ft. 8 Kanals is One Acre
Bigha – Kachha (Kachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha.)  Few areas in Punjab, Haryana & Uttar Pradesh, 1008.33 sq yd 
1 Biswa Some parts of Himachal Pradesh &  Uttarakhand  48.4 square yard
1 Ghumaon  Few areas in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana & Punjab  4840 square yard
1 Biswa – Pucca Upper areas in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, & Haryana 151.25 square yard
1 Bigha- Pucca Bihar and parts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab & Haryana  3025 square yard

One Pucca – Bigha equals 165 feet

1 Bigha Parts of Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand  968 square yard
1 Biswa  (Kaccha) (1/20 of Bigha Kaccha) Lower parts of Punjab, Haryana & UP  50.417 square yard

Remember that in Maharashtra the public will say ‘Guntha’ as a unit, too. Let us learn about the measuring units in the land documents used in Eastern India.

Land Measuring Unit Data in Eastern India

Land Measuring Unit Data in Eastern India

Unit States that use it  Conversion
1 Chatak West Bengal 180 square feet
1 Decimal West Bengal  48.4 square yard

 One Acre equals 100 decimals 

1 Dhur Bihar and Jharkhand  68.0625 square feet
1 Dhur Tripura  3.6 square feet
1 Kattha  Assam  2880 square feet

One Bigha in Assam has 5 Katthas 

1 Kattha Bengal  720 square feet

One Bigha in Bengal has 20 Katthas 

1 Kattha  Bihar  1361.25 square feet

One Bigha in Bihar has 20 Katthas 

Let us remind you that Dhur and Kattha mean different sizes, connected to those States. But, in the State of Bihar, Dhur measures greater than sixty-eight square feet. While in the State of Tripura the unit measures only three-point six square feet. Similarly, the State of Jharkhand uses this unit Dhur mostly.

Katha is another valuable unit used highly in the State Assam, West Bengal, and Madhya Pradesh.

Additionally, people in particular areas in the State of Bihar use this unit.

Even though the unit is different in each State the unit equals the numbers from six hundred to two thousand eight hundred square feet. Also read the economic factors affecting housing market

Let us finally learn about the measuring units in the land documents used in Western India.

Land Measuring Unit Data in Western India

Land Measuring Unit Data in Western India

Unit  States that use it  Conversion 
1 Biswansi  Rajasthan  1/20 Biswa

One Biswa has 20 Biswansis 

1 Biswa Lower parts of Rajasthan  96.8 square yard
1 Biswa  Upper parts of Rajasthan  Pucca 151.25 square yard
1 Bigha Bihar and parts of Rajasthan Pucca 3025 square yard
1 Bigha  Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan  1936 square yard

This post is to help you gain knowledge about the unit of land measurement. Now you know about the different types of units used for land measurement in India.

Hoping you will use the land measurement chart above to get better results in land-related jobs or projects. It is easy for you to learn how to measure land in India. You can also read about the things to check before you buy a property in Kerala.

If you have further doubts about any measurement units of land used in India kindly give your comments. We will update the data accordingly about the units of land measurement in India.

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